K. Jackson Specialist in International Trade and Finance
direct investment in the United States has rebounded slowly after falling from
the $310 billion recorded in 2008, a record surpassed only by the $320
billion invested in 2000 in U.S. businesses and real estate. (Note: The
United States defines foreign direct investment as the ownership or
control, directly or indirectly, by one foreign person [individual, branch, partnership,
association, government, etc.] of 10% or more of the voting securities of an incorporated
U.S. business enterprise or an equivalent interest in an unincorporated U.S.
business enterprise (15 CFR §806.15 [a]). In 2011, according to U.S.
Department of Commerce data, foreigners invested $234 billion in U.S.
businesses and real estate. Foreign direct investments are highly sought
after by many state and local governments that are struggling to create
additional jobs in their localities. While some in Congress encourage such
investment to offset the perceived negative economic effects of U.S. firms
investing abroad, others are concerned about foreign acquisitions of U.S.
firms that are considered essential to U.S. national and economic security.
Date of Report: October 26, 2012
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